The report is based on Humla district of Nepal that faced the devastating consequences of the civil war. Humla district is confronted to a hidden disaster. Disasters are numerous but of too little scale to draw the attention of the central government. The population of Humla faces numerous challenges due to factors such as low literacy rates, limited access to land, and regular hazards affecting crops, leading to low food reserves. With limited knowledge and capacity to address the consequences of disasters, migration becomes the primary means of livelihood adaptation.
The elderly and people with disabilities are particularly vulnerable during disasters due to physical barriers and the community's lack of knowledge on disability management. Additionally, women, despite their significant contributions to the community's survival, are more vulnerable due to high illiteracy rates and prevailing male dominance. In the transitional process from emergency to development assistance, efforts by Government, NGOs /INGOs and the UN still need to address a very important issue: the capacity to prepare for and respond to natural disasters.