Manifestation of an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Model on Fire Potential Zonation mapping in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal


To control problems due to fire, systematic studies are necessary, including fire potential mapping and risk assessment. This study applies an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal for the generation of a fire potential zonation map. The fire potential zonation map is prepared on the basis of available data on land use, fuel stations, and population density. This map shows that 58.04% of the study area falls under a low fire potential zone, 32.92% falls under a moderate fire potential zone and 9.04% falls under a high fire potential zone. The map is also validated through major past fire incidents. The results of this study show that the predicted fire potential zones are found to be in good agreement with past fire incidents, and, hence, the map can be used for future land-use planning.




ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information

Published Year: